Technology is a growing sector in Canada, driving employment and innovation. With approximately 37,000 companies and $160 billion CAD in revenue, the Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC) terms the IT industry as the engine of growth and people often refer to Toronto, one of the IT hubs of Canada, as the Silicon Valley of the North.
One of the key factors that contribute to the progress of the IT industry is talent. Immigration programs such as Express Entry and Provincial Nomination have a sweet spot for IT professionals, making it easier for them to move to Canada.
In this article, we will help you understand how to analyze the scope for your IT role in Canada and make a successful transition to the Canadian job market.
The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is Canada’s national system for describing occupations. The NOC code is a four-digit number that plays an important part in your immigration application. The NOC groups jobs based on the type of job duties and the work a person does. You can learn more and find your NOC code on the Government of Canada website.
Here are some of the NOCs that broadly cover all the roles in the field of IT:
|NOC Code||NOC Code Name||Example Titles|
|2171||Information system analysts and consultants||IT Business Analyst, IT Consultant, IT Consulting Account Manager, Cloud Architect, Solutions Architect, Software QA Analyst.|
|2172||Database analysts and database administrators||Database Analyst, Database Administrator, Database Architect.|
|2173||Software engineers and designers||Software Engineer, Software Designer, Software Architect.|
|2174||Computer programmers and interactive media developers||Software Developer, Software Programmer, Multimedia Developer.|
|2175||Web designers and developers||Web Designer, Web Developer, Webmaster.|
|2281||Computer network technicians||Data Center Operator, LAN Administrator, LAN Technician, Network Administrator, Network Support Technician, System Administrator.|
|2282||User support technicians||Software Technology Support Analyst, Call Centre Agent, Computer Help Desk Representative, Software Installation Technician.|
|2283||Information systems testing technicians||Software Tester, Systems Testing Technician, Software Test Coordinator.|
|0213||Computer and information systems managers and directors||IT Director, IT Development Manager, IT Integration Manager, IT Implementation Manager, Software Development Manager, Software Engineering Manager/Director, Software QA Manager/Director.|
Figuring out your NOC code makes the process of analyzing the job market easier.
Tip: For the purpose of analysis, you don’t have to be restricted to one single code; you can look at multiple codes that require your skills and decide which one might be better suited to your situation.
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What is the demand for IT roles in Canada?
Before you dive deeper, it’s important to understand the big picture. Statistics Canada (StatCan) publishes monthly and annual employment trends for various industries. This is a good starting point to get an idea of the employment trends in IT; any increase or growth is a good sign.
The monthly and annual employment trends data on Statistics Canada is grouped by industries. As per the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), some IT roles are categorized under code 51 – Information and Cultural Industries, while others are categorized under code 54 – Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services. Therefore, when you look at employment trends on Statistics Canada, you will have to look up both of these categories.
Statistics Canada also allows you to filter the numbers by province – this is a good way to identify provinces that have the maximum demand for your skills and know the probability of finding a job in your field. For instance, in 2019, among all provinces, Ontario had maximum employment for NAICS codes 51 and 54, followed by Quebec and British Columbia.
If you would like to gain a better understanding of the overall job market trends, you can look at the following two sites:
- Statistics Canada publishes monthly reports which can be found by searching for the Labour Force Survey. A general Google search with the keywords (Labour Force Survey + latest month and year) will take you directly to the relevant webpage. You can have a look at the reports of March 2020 and February 2020 to get an idea. Note that these are overall trends and not specific to the IT sector. However, they will have subsections for noteworthy NAICS categories for that month.
- Explore the IT job market in various provinces by reading a comprehensive report published by Canada’s Job Bank. Once you’re on the webpage, choose a province and then scroll down to sectoral profiles. Select either Information and Culture, or Professional, Technical, and Scientific Services for deeper insight into the IT sector.
Tip: For a quick overview, type in your NOC code or job title on the Occupation Trends page and search. Here’s a summary of the role of a Software Developer (NOC 2174) in Canada. The main summary page will provide various details such as educational and skill requirements for the role, average wages, and the number of jobs available. Clicking on the Prospects tab will show you a provincial breakdown of job prospects.
This exercise will help you set realistic expectations for being able to find a job in your field in a specific province or region.
How to narrow your research and identify a city where IT skills are in-demand
Once you decide on a province where you would like to work, as a next step, you can start looking at specific cities that might offer more opportunities to find a job in your desired role. For this, Canada’s Job Bank website is an excellent resource.
In continuation to the steps outlined above for the Job Bank website, while on the Prospects page, when you click on a specific province, it will provide a further split by region. For instance, you can view the opportunities for a Software Developer in Ontario on the same site.
– Margarita Kossinova, Senior Technical Recruiter, RBC
How to identify relevant IT certifications or licenses that may be required for your role
Different provinces and territories may have different requirements for professional licenses and certifications. Identifying if you would need to obtain a license or certification can help you get a headstart in preparing for your employment in Canada.
|Note: All occupations in Canada are classified into regulated and non-regulated occupations, which differ by province. You can find out if your profession is regulated by typing in your NOC code and province/territory on the Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) website. Regulated occupations typically require you to have a license and/or a certification to be able to work in the field.|
Considering the instance of a software developer (as mentioned above), the same page on the Job Bank website will provide a list of skills and requirements (such as licenses and certifications) to be able to work in the field.
In the case of a software developer, there are no certification or license requirements to be able to work in Toronto. However, a bachelor’s degree in computer science or in another discipline with a significant programming component or completion of a college program in computer science is usually required.
“There are hiring managers who look at the candidate’s educational credentials first and foremost, and then there are those who look at experience – I’ve worked with both. For roles in IT, university degrees in computer science or computer engineering are known to be highly valued, closely followed by technology engineering and mathematics. If it’s a more senior or a researcher-type of a role, they look for Masters and/or a Ph. D. Coding bootcamps are very popular these days; they look great on a resume. For someone who already has a background in development and wants to upgrade their skills, or those who have switched careers, bootcamps are definitely a strong good-to-have. They’re a good stepping stone.”
– Margarita Kossinova, Senior Technical Recruiter, RBC
Navigating salary expectations for IT roles in Canada
Setting salary expectations is another key area of importance for newcomers. There are many sites to conduct salary research: The Job Bank website, Glassdoor, and reports published by recruitment firms such as Hays and Randstad are some of them. Your salary would vary greatly depending on the city you’re based in and your work experience.
Each of these sources will let you filter your profession by experience level and region and city so that you can get a very real sense of salary expectations. It is a good idea to compare numbers from different sites to get a good ballpark figure.
For instance, a software developer working in Toronto can expect to earn approximately $60,000 to $130,000 on average, depending on their level of experience.
How to find an IT job in Canada
IT roles are in-demand in Canada and it is comparatively easier to find employment in this field.
1. Online and offline methods
In addition to Canada’s Job Bank website and other online job search portals such as LinkedIn Jobs, Indeed, Monster, Workopolis, CareerBuilder, SimplyHired, and many others, you can sign up for industry events like the ones organized by TechTO and register with specialized recruitment or staffing agencies who can help market your resume to potential employers.
“While recruiting, we use LinkedIn all the time. Candidates should ensure that their LinkedIn profiles are up-to-date and provide enough details for the recruiters to really understand the type of work they have been doing in their recent roles.”
– Kathryn Tooley, Talent Acquisition Lead, RBC Ventures
|You can use the following Arrive resources to help be better prepared for your job search:
Arrive is with you every step of the way.
3. Build a strong resume
The most important tool in your quest to find your dream job is your resume. Ensure that your resume is always up-to-date and aligned with Canadian style of formatting.
What does the hiring process look like for IT roles in Canada?
The hiring process for IT roles is usually split into multiple rounds:
- Screening: This is usually a telephonic round where the interviewer will discuss basics such as role expectations, compensation, and chat about your experience.
- Skill testing: If the interviewer determines that you are a good fit for the role, the initial round is followed up with two or three more rounds of conversations primarily geared towards evaluating your skills. These rounds may include a skill-based test.
- Final round: The hiring manager will usually meet with you before an offer letter is issued. The focus of this conversation is generally on soft skills and cultural fit.
Tip: Prepped is an excellent resource for you to practice your interview skills and to prep for the interview process in Canada.
On average, the entire interview process can take between two to six weeks, depending on the urgency of the position to be filled as well as the availability and scheduling of everyone involved in the process.
The consistent growth of the technology sector will continue to create more opportunities for IT professionals in Canada. Conducting thorough research prior to your move will help you identify relevant job opportunities that are best suited to your unique position and ensure a smoother transition for you and your family to Canada.