You are not alone. Every year several hundred thousand students arrive in Canada with hopes and dreams of graduating from some of the internationally acclaimed schools and universities located in various Canadian provinces. The Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship (IRCC) highlighted that in 2018, more than 721,000 international students studied in Canada and nearly 54,000 former students became permanent residents.
When moving to a foreign country for studies, many students are concerned about things such as adapting to the local culture, finding reasonable accommodation and managing finances to meet education and living expenses. International education is expensive and depending on which city you move to, the cost of living could be high as well. Therefore, planning your expenses and budgeting is a good way to keep your finances in check, avoid shocks, and potential student debt.
What is a budget?
A budget is a plan to organize your finances by considering the expected income and expenses for a specified time period. It’s basically managing how much money you have coming in against how much is going out, while putting an amount away for unforeseen expenses.
As international students, budgeting can help you:
- Educate yourself: It provides insight into your spending patterns and habits, enabling you to trim unnecessary expenses.
- Monitor and track: It helps you stay on top of your finances and serves as a guide to becoming financially independent.
- Prepare for the future: It ensures you have a plan to pay for any unforeseen circumstances, big purchases or life events.
“Being unaware of the various financial products, service charges, and fees led me to spend more money than I needed to in that first experience. In hindsight, I wish I had gathered more details around financial wellbeing before I moved, or knew where to seek out accurate information.”
— Lucas Mendonca, international student on the path to PR in Canada, arrived in December 2017
Budgeting can seem like an activity that takes a lot of time and effort but it really isn’t! Arrive has a simple, easy-to-follow, three-step process to simplify things and guide you every step of the way.
Student budgeting 101: Three quick steps to budget like a pro
Step 1: Jot down your income sources and expense categories
Listing out your income and expenses is a good way to gain clarity what you spend as a student and will help you plan for other expenses. Prioritizing expenses into categories such as education, housing, communications, food, transportation, clothing, medical, etc. will provide better visibility of your expenses, ensure better financial planning and management and help you stay on track to meet your financial goals.
Must Read: Budgeting tips for students in Canada
Remember to plan for major expense categories
Apart from the direct education-related expenses such as tuition, books, supplies, course material etc., don’t forget to plan for the major items:
- Accommodation: As an international student, you can choose to live on-campus or off-campus. Both options have their pros and cons, and cost is a major factor. Your accommodation expenses could vary depending on the type of arrangement: shared room versus single room on campus or living with roommates, alone, or with family off-campus. College or university websites are a good place to look for the exact costs for on-campus options and approximate costs for off-campus options. Don’t forget to budget for furniture and other household items if they are not included.
- Car insurance: If you plan to get a car, know that insurance costs for international students are usually on the higher side due to limited or no North American driving experience. At times, the cost of insurance can even be higher than the cost of renting or leasing a car!
- Phone and internet: Telecom services in Canada are likely expensive in comparison to your home country, so you may find yourself paying much more for phone and internet. Do your research and ask around before getting a new phone plan or an internet connection.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medicines: Unless you have a private insurance plan that covers the cost of medicines, you will have to pay out-of-pocket for them which may end up being very expensive.
“I chose to live on campus because it worked out to be a cost-effective option for me. Most universities have their own accommodation options which are worth exploring. You can begin by checking the school website and then reach out to the admissions team when applying. They are always willing to answer queries. Accommodation can also be found in and around the campus; there’s something to suit every budget. You just have to be prepared to do the research, paperwork and complete the processes.”
— Shomik Roy, international student now settled as a PR in Canada, arrived in May 2018
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Step 2: Calculate savings (or deficit) and optimize to save more
As a next step, subtract your expenses from income to check your savings. If you notice a deficit, this is a good time to identify the areas where you can cut-back, refine or trim your expenses.
“I was conscious of the fact that I didn’t have the financial bandwidth to afford a Masters degree, yet motivated to pursue an international education, I applied to universities in Switzerland and Canada. I got through both but the Canadian university (UBC) offered me a Women in Business scholarship that covered 45 percent of my tuition fee, so that made it easy to pick Canada. To cover the rest of my fee, my family had to take a bank loan and hand loans from some generous individuals who stepped forward. I did not want to burden my family back home for further financial assistance and worked two jobs for the entire duration of my MBA to cover all living expenses in Canada — this, on reflection, I consider one of my key accomplishments on my path to self-reliance.”
— Swetha Kola, newcomer in Canada, arrived in August 2013
Step 3: Monitor, evaluate and revise
Budgeting is not a one-time thing but a constant work-in-progress. It’s important to periodically (preferably on a monthly basis) monitor your income and expenses and make revisions to best reflect your real-life scenarios.
The financial ecosystem in Canada may be different from your home country, and as an international student, it can take some getting used to but with the right information and resources, you’ll be prepared for success in your life, career and finances. As they say, “well begun is half done!”
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This article offers general information only and is not intended as legal, financial or other professional advice. A professional advisor should be consulted regarding your specific situation. While information presented is believed to be factual and current, its accuracy is not guaranteed and it should not be regarded as a complete analysis of the subjects discussed. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the author(s) as of the date of publication and are subject to change. No endorsement of any third parties or their advice, opinions, information, products or services is expressly given or implied by Royal Bank of Canada or its affiliates.