2021-12-13T09:19:30-05:00Feb 19, 2020|

Canadian tax return basics for new immigrants in Canada: 6 things you should know

Last updated: December 13, 2021


If you’re a newcomer in Canada or have returned to Canada after spending an extended period outside the country, you may be required to file an income tax return. 

The information in this article will help you familiarize yourself with the fundamentals of Canada’s income tax system and help you prepare yourself for the tax filing season in March and April. Here are six things you should know.

1. What is a tax return and when is it due?

An income tax return is a comprehensive account of the previous calendar year’s (January 1 to December 31) income and deductions, along with  federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid and owed. It also helps determine if you’re entitled to a refund from the government of some or all of the tax that was deducted from your income during that year. 

In Canada, income tax returns for individuals (other than self-employed individuals) any given calendar year are due by April 30th of the following year. Note that there is a penalty for not filing your returns on time. 

For many newcomers filing your taxes for the first time can be a little daunting and confusing. It’s important you understand how taxes work, the way taxes impact life in Canada, the importance of paying your taxes on time every year to avoid penalties, and how to maximize your tax refund.

Get answers to your Canadian tax questions with the free Tax Guide from Arrive. Download it now and be prepared to manage the expectations that come with paying taxes in Canada.

2. The CRA administers taxes in Canada

In Canada, both, the federal and provincial/territorial levels of government impose personal income tax on individuals. This means that you will pay two types of income tax: federal income tax and provincial/territorial income tax, depending on your province/territory of residence as of December 31st of previous year.

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) administers the tax laws for the federal, territorial and most provincial governments. The only exception is Quebec where Revenu Quebec administers its own provincial income tax. 

3. Your requirement to file an income tax return is determined by your residency status in Canada

If you’re a permanent resident (PR) or a deemed resident of Canada, you are required to file a tax return for the entire tax year or part of the tax year you’ve lived in Canada. In some cases, non-residents may be required to file their returns too. Even if you’re not required to file a tax return, it is recommended to do so to take advantage of the benefits.   

Generally speaking, if you are a resident of Canada, you should file a tax return if: 

Recommended Reading

The Government of Canada provides detailed information on taxation for newcomers in Canada. It outlines the basics and walks readers through the process of completing their tax returns.

4. Filing tax returns has certain benefits

As a resident, deemed resident or non-resident, if you don’t have any Canadian income and have been in Canada for a very short time (less than 183 days in a year), you may not be required to file a tax return. However, filing tax returns has certain benefits: 

Note: A majority of benefits and credits in Canada are income based and eligibility is often determined by your income tax return (T1). 

5. Your SIN (Social Insurance Number) and tax slips are required documents when filing a tax return

Aside from providing your basic personal information such as your name and address, you will need the following:


  • Social Insurance Number (SIN) – If you’ve requested a SIN but haven’t received one yet, you should file a tax return anyway in order to avoid late-filing penalties and interest charges. Attach a note to your return to let the CRA know why you did not enter your SIN: t4055-20e.pdf (canada.ca)
  • For recent newcomers, you will need to provide employment and income information prior to your arrival in Canada.
  • Details for dependants (spouse, children or elderly parents).


  • If you’re already employed in Canada, you will need your T4 slips. These are provided by employers.  
  • For entrepreneurs or business owners, you’ll need to show income earned and expenses paid.
  • You’ll need to report foreign income after moving to Canada or foreign assets over $100,000
  • Medical expense receipts for yourself, your spouse or children.
  • Childcare expense receipts.  

Recommended Reading

If you’re an international student in Canada, learn more about filing tax returns in our article: Confused about tax returns? Everything you need to know as an international student.

6. Your first tax return as a newcomer in Canada no longer needs to be mailed to CRA

Previously, newcomers in Canada were required to print and mail your first income tax return to the CRA. However, this is no longer a requirement. You can now file your first income tax return online through EFile or NETFILE.

If you have a modest income and a simple tax situation, a volunteer from the Community Volunteer Income Tax Program (CVITP) may be able to do your taxes for you, for free. You can find a tax preparation clinic near you through the CRA web page or by using the MyCRA mobile web app.

Canada’s tax system may seem complicated but the right knowledge and resources makes it easier to comprehend and navigate. Stay tuned to Arrive articles and webinars to be better informed and set yourself up for financial success in Canada.